The Middle East is experiencing conflict at various levels with an unprecedented struggle between regional powers and agendas. Several states are on the brink of collapse, unable to extend their authority and maintain territorial integrity, with new sub-state and super-state actors competing with them over sovereignty and control of territories, borders and resources. In light of escalating struggle, the regional balance of power will be altered according to changing alliances and interests. In this context, the region is being reshaped after a century of relative stability. This session will address the different forms of regional struggle across the Middle East, and will examine their multiple dimensions as well as sectarian, political and geopolitical implications.