The regional crisis is becoming more intense and complex as the region marks one century after the Sykes-Picot Agreement that produced the first draft map of the post-World War I Middle East. The change movement of the Arab Spring, along with the ebbs and flows of revolution and counter-revolution, uncovered this crisis and pushed it to the surface after decades of invisibility. However, in contrast to the era in which the fate of the region and its peoples was determined in closed Western negotiation rooms, today the Middle East is an open arena for conflict between regional and international powers as well as non-state actors. This session will address the nature of the international powers involved in the Middle East struggle and examine their roles and plans a hundred years after Sykes-Picot.