While Iran has surfaced as one of the main elements of the current Gulf Crisis, its relations with Arab Gulf countries were turbulent and dominated by mutual tension and suspicion rather than cooperation and common action for many decades. Crisis in various parts of the Middle East have exposed the features of the tension, which has escalated at times to military conflict. Due to the amount and scope of regional crises, the possibility of resolution is unforeseeable. Troubled relations between Iran and its Arab neighbours will remain an essential factor of instability and a source of threat to the region’s security, development and prosperity. Will it be possible for the hostile relations and power struggle to become friendly relations based on cooperation, coordination and work toward common regional destiny? This will be discussed and analysed during the second session.